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mehlmehlmehl

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  1. May these helps to answer the question: Manual Command to Line-Of-Sight (MCL) Both target tracking and missile tracking and control are performed manually. The operator watches the missile flight, and uses a signaling system to command the missile back into the straight line between operator and target (the "line of sight"). This is typically useful only for slower targets, where significant "lead" is not required. MCLOS is a subtype of command guided systems. In the case of glide bombs or missiles against ships or the supersonic “Wasserfall” against slow-moving B-17 Flying Fortress bombers this system worked, but as speeds increased MCLOS was quickly rendered useless for most roles. Semi-Manual Command to Line-Of-Sight (SMCLOS)Target tracking is automatic, while missile tracking and control is manual. Semi-Automatic Command to Line-Of-Sight (SACLOS)Target tracking is manual, but missile tracking and control is automatic. Is similar to MCLOS but some automatic system positions the missile in the line of sight while the operator simply tracks the target. *SACLOS has the advantage of allowing the missile to start in a position invisible to the user, as well as generally being considerably easier to operate. SACLOS is the most common form of guidance against ground targets such as tanks and bunkers. Automatic Command to Line-Of-Sight (ACLOS)Target tracking, missile tracking and control are automatic. Command Off Line-Of-Sight (COLOS) This guidance system was one of the first to be used and still is in service, mainly in anti-aircraft missiles. In this system, the target tracker and the missile tracker can be oriented in different directions. The guidance system ensures the interception of the target by the missile by locating both in space. This means that they will not rely on the angular coordinates like in CLOS systems. They will need another coordinate which is distance. To make it possible, both target and missile trackers have to be active. They are always automatic and the radar has been used as the only sensor in these systems. The SM-2MR Standard is inertially guided during its mid-course phase, but it is assisted by a COLOS system via radar link provided by the AN/SPY-1 radar installed in the launching platform. Line-Of-Sight Beam Riding Guidance (LOSBR)LOSBR uses a "beam" of some sort, typically radio, radar or laser, which is pointed at the target and detectors on the rear of the missile keep it centered in the beam. Beam riding systems are often SACLOS, but do not have to be; in other systems the beam is part of an automated radar tracking system. A case in point is later versions of the RIM-8 Talos missile as used in Vietnam - the radar beam was used to take the missile on a high arcing flight and then gradually brought down in the vertical plane of the target aircraft, the more accurate SARH homing being used at the last moment for the actual strike. This gave the enemy pilot the least possible warning that his aircraft was being illuminated by missile guidance radar, as opposed to search radar. This is an important distinction, as the nature of the signal differs, and is used as a cue for evasive action. LOSBR suffers from the inherent weakness of inaccuracy with increasing range as the beam spreads out. Laser beam riders are more accurate in this regards, but are all short-range, and even the laser can be degraded by bad weather. On the other hand, SARH becomes more accurate with decreasing distance to the target, so the two systems are complementary. Manual Command to Line-Of-Sight (MCL) Both target tracking and missile tracking and control are performed manually. The operator watches the missile flight, and uses a signaling system to command the missile back into the straight line between operator and target (the "line of sight"). This is typically useful only for slower targets, where significant "lead" is not required. MCLOS is a subtype of command guided systems. In the case of glide bombs or missiles against ships or the supersonic “Wasserfall” against slow-moving B-17 Flying Fortress bombers this system worked, but as speeds increased MCLOS was quickly rendered useless for most roles. Semi-Manual Command to Line-Of-Sight (SMCLOS)Target tracking is automatic, while missile tracking and control is manual. Semi-Automatic Command to Line-Of-Sight (SACLOS)Target tracking is manual, but missile tracking and control is automatic. Is similar to MCLOS but some automatic system positions the missile in the line of sight while the operator simply tracks the target. *SACLOS has the advantage of allowing the missile to start in a position invisible to the user, as well as generally being considerably easier to operate. SACLOS is the most common form of guidance against ground targets such as tanks and bunkers. Automatic Command to Line-Of-Sight (ACLOS)Target tracking, missile tracking and control are automatic. Command Off Line-Of-Sight (COLOS) This guidance system was one of the first to be used and still is in service, mainly in anti-aircraft missiles. In this system, the target tracker and the missile tracker can be oriented in different directions. The guidance system ensures the interception of the target by the missile by locating both in space. This means that they will not rely on the angular coordinates like in CLOS systems. They will need another coordinate which is distance. To make it possible, both target and missile trackers have to be active. They are always automatic and the radar has been used as the only sensor in these systems. The SM-2MR Standard is inertially guided during its mid-course phase, but it is assisted by a COLOS system via radar link provided by the AN/SPY-1 radar installed in the launching platform. Line-Of-Sight Beam Riding Guidance (LOSBR)LOSBR uses a "beam" of some sort, typically radio, radar or laser, which is pointed at the target and detectors on the rear of the missile keep it centered in the beam. Beam riding systems are often SACLOS, but do not have to be; in other systems the beam is part of an automated radar tracking system. A case in point is later versions of the RIM-8 Talos missile as used in Vietnam - the radar beam was used to take the missile on a high arcing flight and then gradually brought down in the vertical plane of the target aircraft, the more accurate SARH homing being used at the last moment for the actual strike. This gave the enemy pilot the least possible warning that his aircraft was being illuminated by missile guidance radar, as opposed to search radar. This is an important distinction, as the nature of the signal differs, and is used as a cue for evasive action. LOSBR suffers from the inherent weakness of inaccuracy with increasing range as the beam spreads out. Laser beam riders are more accurate in this regards, but are all short-range, and even the laser can be degraded by bad weather. On the other hand, SARH becomes more accurate with decreasing distance to the target, so the two systems are complementary.
  2. Ich mach mich mal für eine Weile vom Acker

    Maenner hoert auf zu jammern ... :-) Was interessiert es einer Eiche, wenn sich eine bloede Sau dran reibt!!! Ich bin Ostdeutscher und arbeite seit 15 Jahren bei der NATO. Was glaubt Ihr, was ich mir schon alles sagen lassen musste??? Koennte Buecher darueber schreiben. 76.IAP-Blackbird hat recht! Lasst uns Spass am fliegen haben und der Rest der Welt kann uns mal ...
  3. F-8 dogfights 6 x VPAF MiGs over Vietnam

    Nice Story ... But either the first two pairs of MiG`s were not MiG-17 "Fresco" or the first two pairs cannot fire AA-2 "Atoll". The Mig-17 cannot load such a AA-Missile at the Vietnam Theater & I guess even not later. The AA-2 cames up with the MiG-21F ... :-) Never the last a nice Story!
  4. Kormoran ans Laufgen bekommen an der F-104G

    Nur eine kurze Anmerkung. Die Komoran (egal ob Komoran 1 oder Komoran 2)ist/war eine Anti-Schiff Waffe (ASM) und garantiert keine EOGR! Beide Versionen hatten einen Radar-Suchkopf. Neben dem Durchmesser- bzw Gewichtsbeschränkung würd ich auch mal schauen, ob das Erscheinungsjahr stimmt. Viel Spass noch!
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