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MigBuster

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  1. Strike Fighters 2 Complete Edition is a collection of the entire Strike Fighters 2 series including 5 games, 2 expansion packs, and 29 DLCs all in one single, easy-to-install package! The package includes: • Strike Fighters 2 • Strike Fighters 2 Vietnam • Strike Fighters 2 Europe • Strike Fighters 2 Israel • Strike Fighters 2 North Atlantic • Strike Fighters 2 Expansion Pack 1 • Strike Fighters 2 Expansion Pack 2 • All 29 Strike Fighters 2 DLCs Player Flyable Aircraft • A-4A/B/C/E/F/G/H/K/L Skyhawk • A-7A/B/C/D/E/H/P Corsair II • A-10A Thunderbolt II • F-100A/C/D Super Sabre • F-105D Thunderchief • F-4B/C/D/E/EJ/F/J/K/M/N Phantom II • F-8C/D/E/E(FN)/H/J/K Crusader • F-14A Tomcat • F-15A Eagle/Baz • F-16A Netz • Harrier GR.1/3 • Hunter F.1/2/4/5/6/50/58/FGA.9/73 • Kfir C1/C2/F-21A • Lightning F.1/2/3/6 • Meteor F.8 • Mirage IIIC/CJ/CZ/EL/O • Mirage 5BA • Mystere IVA • Nesher • P-51D Mustang System Requirements OS: Windows 7/Vista Processor: Dual Core 2.0 GHz Memory: 4.0 GB RAM Hard Drive: 10.0 GB free space Video Card: 256 MB DirectX 10 Please note this is a repackaging of the single items into one bundle - there are no changes as known. Also still officially only Win 7/Vista. https://store.thirdwire.com/project_sf2_complete.htm You can get this Complete Edition for free if you've already purchased all the products listed above! Request Strike Fighters 2 Complete Edition for FREE!
  2. Still in development, expected release date: May 2020 (subject to change). Strike Fighters 2 Win10 Edition is the latest version of Strike Fighters 2, a jet air-combat game set in the 1960's, updated to run on Windows 10 PC! Player flyable aircraft include some of the most legendary fighters from the early jet age, including F-100 Super Sabre, F-105 Thunderchief, A-4 Skyhawk, F-4 Phantom II, and F-8 Crusader. Campaigns feature 1960's high-flying combat action over fictional Middle Eastern sands. Join the United States Air Force, Navy, Marines, or a special operations Mercenary unit, and engage in blood-draining, G-pulling, action-packed dogfights against the enemy MiGs! Additional aircraft, maps, and campaigns will be available as DLC in-app purchases. Owners of Strike Fighters 2 Complete Edition will receive the Win10 Edition and its DLCs for FREE as they become available. https://store.thirdwire.com/project_sf2_w10.htm
  3. 10 June 2022 Dear Fighter Pilots, Partners and Friends, This week we released DCS 2.7.15.25026 to Open Beta with many new enhancements and fixes that can be viewed in the full change log. Most notably, we are pleased to announce that DCS: South Atlantic map is now available. To provide time to adequately test, the South Atlantic Assets Pack will be delivered in an upcoming Open Beta update. The South Atlantic map encompasses parts of the Atlantic, Pacific and Southern oceans. Covering southern Argentina and Chile, the map also includes a recreation of the Falkland/Malvinas Islands. We are also pleased to provide you with a free updated external model of the CVN-74 John C. Stennis. This is an initial step in improving the free Nimitz-class aircraft carrier. Thank you for your passion and support. Yours sincerely, Eagle Dynamics DCS: South Atlantic Available now in Open Beta The RAZBAM Terrain Development Team is proud to present the South Atlantic map that is a beautiful and majestic combination of Argentina, Chile, and the Falkland/Malvinas Islands. The topography of the region includes the beautifully rugged mountains of Chile, the vast and colorful Patagonian plains of Argentina, and the windswept islands of West and East Falklands/Malvinas. Covering an area of 3.1 million square kilometres, the team’s goal has been to give the DCS community the opportunity to develop missions that reflect the scale and complexity of modern-day operations in this scenic region. When developing this map, the team was proactive in listening to the DCS community regarding both scale and requirements of modern-day military operations. This provides the best possible experience and leverages land-class textures drawn from aerial and satellite photography. Development of the South Atlantic map will continue, and the team is now moving their focus from the Falkland/Malvinas Islands to mainland Argentina and Chile. They will flesh out the rural areas of the map to provide a more authentic and lived-in look. This will include adding additional buildings, infrastructure, and tidying up vector data (like mountains). Our community's input pushed for the inclusion of mainland and the team dedicated to make it even better. Moving forward, additional airfields will be added throughout the map to provide a diversified area of Naval and Fighter operations. The goal is to include all airfields at a high quality level. More villages, settlements, and road infrastructure improvements will be added across the various regions. The following items will also be further improved during the early access period: Visible tiling around some airfields and at certain view angles. Some angular sea cliffs Forest tiling from some view angles The DCS: South Atlantic map has undertaken a new strategy for generating terrain. Whereas all other DCS maps rely heavily on art-created ground textures combined with satellite textures, the South Atlantic map relies mostly on satellite textures. While this results in a more realistic looking map at medium to high altitudes, ground textures may appear less defined at low altitude. The team is committed to further improving the low-altitude terrain textures. CVN-74 Stennis Free Update We have updated the 3D exterior model of the CVN-74 John C. Stennis aircraft carrier, and are pleased to announce that this update is completely free to all of you. We eagerly await your feedback. Thank you again for your passion and support, Yours sincerely,
  4. The amount of speed you lose when pulling Gs will depend on things including: Current weight. Current Attitude. Current Altitude. Gs being pulled. Current Speed. Throttle position. Current weapons loadout.
  5. Top Gun 2022

    Saw it today and yes very good overall I thought. Have downloaded the free MSFS2020 TopGun Maverick add on so am sorted!
  6. The skin looks okay on that considering I only made it for single seater models. Has the right inlet size - although another externally recognisable feature is the WAR HUD but probably not needed.
  7. Not aware of any difference regarding weapon stations to the single seat version a country may use. One load out chart to cover both usually.
  8. the latest iteration of the Tommo Inc Falcon 4.0 total conversion modification - Benchmark Sims 4.36 - is available for you to enjoy as of RIGHT NOW! BMS 4.36 requires a legit installation of a Falcon 4.0 (all older and newer versions are accepted alike, i.e. Microprose, Hasbro, GOG, Steam, Retroism). The check is performed both at setup time and every time you start BMS. If no valid installation is found, BMS will exit with a corresponding error message. For those of you who are new to Falcon and still need a legacy Falcon 4.0 license, you’re lucky, as there are various season sales going on. Retroism GOG Note that this is NOT an exhaustive list of where to buy Falcon 4.0, it’s just a list of retailers known to me (best effort) that offer sales/discounts, for your convenience. The list will not be updated. This mod may not be used for any commercial purposes. Any such use may constitute a violation of the intellectual property of Tommo Inc and the non-commercial Terms and Conditions under which Benchmark Sims make this mod available to you. NOTES: 4.36 is not an update to the former 4.35, but a new independent base installation 4.36 can co-exist with 4.35 on the same machine — The build number string in the Falcon UI will read “4.36.0 (x64) Build 26181” for the base installation A big THANK YOU to everyone in the BMS development team and to the gents from TOMMO INC who made this release possible! Now download and enjoy! Falcon BMS 4.36 is now available to download from https://www.falcon-bms.com/downloads/ Trailer By Br3No ==========Disclaimer========== Video contains some visual and sound effects that are not included in the official 4.36 release. (e.g. Tacview overlay, some blur effects) ==========Info========== The following features and improvements of 4.36 are presented in the video: 0:25 - Weather (Implemented shower Clouds) 0:38 - Ext. Lights (Fully implemented Ext. Lights) 0:52 - Airfields (New & Improved AirPorts) 1:04 - AAR (Basket Refueling & AAR Code Improvements) 1:19 - Skins (New & Updated Skins) 1:34 - Night Lighting (Light Polution & Reflections) 1:47 - AI (Enhanced Artificial Intelligence) 1:57 - Graphics (Improved Visual Effects) 2:08 - AI COMMS (New Commands Menu) 2:08 - TGT Assignment (Multiple Target Assignment) 2:13 - JHMCS (Improved HMCS Functionality) 2:13 - Avionics (Enhanced Avionics) 2:20 - A-A (Revised ARH Guidance) 2:20 - A-G (Improved CCRP Mode) 2:34 - JTAC And there is a lot more to discover by your own ==========Discords/Websides========== DISCORD - https://discord.gg/KQNHQBz WEBSIDE - https://www.falcon-bms.com REDDIT - https://www.reddit.com/r/falconbms/ YOUTUBE - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCnyVS5IhXmUShjl8nTQ85rw ==========Soundtrack========== INFRACTION - HERO 3D Changelog New / updated ============= - New details and fixes for all new airbases: RKNN - RJOI - RKJJ - RKJK - RKPK - RKPS - RKSM - RKSO - RKSW - RKTI - RKTN - RKTY - ZKTS – ZKUJ. - New static assets for KTO - New / updated ground units 3D assets (M901 ITV, 61-K Gun, M60A3, Skyguard Radar, MDK-2M, M117, BL-755, AS-34, M88A2, Gwanggaeto CLS, M109, - New / updated plane skins or 3D models (Mirage F1, MQ-9 Reaper, Ka-52, F-4, F-16, A-50, Su-35, CH-53, B-52G, B-52H, OH-58D, U-2, J-20, Yak-38, C-17, F-104, WD-1, MV-22, IL-76/78, Jaguar A) - New pylons and elements (LM-39, RPL-35 and RPL-201, R Su-35SK Hard AA, RPL-35-AA tank) - New weapons (AGM-65E, AGM-65L, PL-15, YL-12, YL-14, AS-30L) - F-16 Cockpits light panels updated for new light code - New external lights added to compatible planes - New Basket air refueling models and pods Fixed ============= - Cockpit fixes (M2000 all variants, AV-8B, F-18) - F-16 Cockpits misc. updates (all variants) Removed ============= - Old plane cockpits removed (F-22, F-14) Data Changelog Campaign / Tactical Engagement ============================== - Validac.dat removed to be replaced by XML file (InvalidAcTypes.XML -> List of non-available plane types) - TvT campaign refactored - station+ils.dat updated - Updated ATC sounds for some airbases (some airbases pronunciations have changed to match real life) -- Choongwon AB => Jungwon AB (RKTI) -- Chongju AB => Cheongju AB (RKTU) -- Kangnung AB => Gangneung AB (RKNN) -- Kimhae Airport => Gimhae Intl Airport (RKPK) -- Kimpo Airport => Gimpo Intl Airport (RKSS) -- Kunsan Airbase => Gunsan Airbase (RKJK) -- Kwangju AB => Gwangju AB (RKJJ) -- Nachodka AB => Uglovoye AB -- Taegu AB => Daegu AB (RKTN) -- Sachon AB => Sacheon AB (RKPS) -- Yechon AB => Yecheon AB (RKTY) -- Wonsan AB => Kalma Airport (ZKWS) -- Pyongtaek AB => Pyongtaek AAF (RKSG) - Named "A-511 Camp Humphreys" in Jeppesen and DOD. -- Shenyang Airbase => Shenyang Beiling Airbase -- Sunch'on Airbase => Sunchon Airbase (ZKSC) - ATC file fixes - Added and fixed multiple training missions - Camo.cfg removed to be directly managed in cam / tac files - New airbases in Japan/South Korea (Hiroshima, Incheon, Iwami, Muan, Tsushima, Yangyang) - New terrain textures layers - Fixed ZSU 23-4 ring in PPT.ini - New PPT.ini entries - Objectives names now saved in TE or campaign file (wch / idx files in campaign folder) - Updated KTO weather maps (for 31 days instead of 17) - Campaigns triggers fixed for: Win, Loose, Timeout, Stalemate - Updated UI map Assets ============= - New sounds for external elements (Chaff/Flare, AB, Gear, Wind, …) - New cockpit callbacks (key file updated) - Fixes for many ground and sea units radars and symbols - Fixes on AG missiles and bombs data - Database cleanup to free up slots - HAD/HAS complete rework (symbols) - Fixed WASP landings - Many Planes loadouts corrected / adjusted - Some flight models fixed / added (F1-CT, MQ-9, Su-35, Rafale C, F-104, MV-22, F-4, Jaguar A) - Many missiles and weapons FM files updated - New Afterburner detent click in cockpit (set g_bAfterburnerDetentClick) Art / Effects ============== - New system (MFD + HUD) font - Fixed Heat blur effect - Improved burning effect - Improved BLU-107 effects Code Changelog General ======== - Performance improvements - Multiple stability fixes - Multiple code « races » fixed (freeze and crash) - Multiple BMS editor fixes and improvements - Adding in avionic editor new MMC features - Added capacity for more DX keys per device (g_nButtonsPerDevice : from 32 to 128) - Customization of rotary switches: -- g_nIntuitiveSwitches 1 invert the switches norm for the left cockpit panel , which means for left panel , left click down , right up ; and right panel left up , right down... -- g_nIntuitiveSwitches 2 allows to invert totally that NORM for switches g_nInvertRotaries 1 . -- Allow inversion of the norm for all rotaries which becomes then Left click anticlock-wise, right click clockwise -- Default is g_nInvertRotaries 0, g_nIntuitiveSwitches 0 - Adding a factor named g_f3DPitButtonDetectFactor to make the cockpit mouse anchoring a little more tunable to help when screen res is high and/or head trackers are set on higher rates etc. - Change in g_bNoAiForHumanControlledSqd behavior For human controlled squadron: AI is now able to spawn, taxi and take off, however, they will abort and land immediately if no player has taken a seat after takeoff. if a player is leaving an aircraft, AI will take over and bring back the aircraft to base (force RTB) and will not engage. - Multiplayer Fog of war: (g_bFogOfWarSave) If Set to 1, a client can save only the units of his team or allied, and the enemy spotted units - ACMI improved (compilation vastly improved and size limit removed in UI) - Tanker remains hosted on HOST instead of being handed over to clients during refuel in MP - Added a “Falcon BMS User.cfg” that will supersede “Falcon BMS.cfg” parameters - MP connectivity: (client can now specify a different port IPv4:port or IPv6:port for both BMS and IVC – BMS Host will need to set: g_nServerPort) - g_CalibrationHg setting is now MP transferred. - IVC updated (now supports 96 clients and UHF / VHF offset to right or left possible) - RTT Remote update for optimizations - New OFM ground handling code - Possible to change loadout in UI if flights already in 3D (fix) - Increased MP data block size transfer Game Engine ============== - Multiple Campaign engine fixes - Ground units behavior changes (more aggressive in offensive posture) - Improvements to naval operations - Improvement in ground unit self-defense towards missiles - Multiple MP packages / flights creation and deletion issues fixed - Added pilot “G Training” model for pilots (TE and campaign but disabled in dogfight - g_bEnableGtraining) - Multiples ATC fixes (loops and crashes) - ATC improvements for traffic handling - ATC weather information improvements (Text to speech) - Prevent AI waste of missiles on dead targets - JTAC Implementation (See docs for more information) - Improved Airport traffic flow management - Improved flight ATO generation in campaigns - Fix CTD when exiting from 3D, if user does try to fly a helicopter. - Flight disaggregation / reaggregation “bubbles” are now dynamic to adapt to long range missiles AI Behavior ============== - Fix AI unable to employ Harm efficiently - AI now evaluates clear avenue of fire before shooting - Major Air AI improvements: -- Combat Comms -- Target Selection routines -- WVR engagements -- Incoming missiles detection fix -- Separation routines -- Fuel Management routines -- AG mission defensive routines -- Sync Bingo settings with leader -- AI ground Attack total rewrite (tactic for every weapon and Hi / Low profiles for at-tack) -- Clear avenue of fire (make sure that no friendlies are in the way) - Fix AI Jettison AG too soon when engaged by a missile. - Fix AI REJOIN behavior while in the tanker queue - Improve AI rejoin speed management UI ====== - New Comms in game menu panel (new design, can be moved around and placed anywhere on screen) - New windowed radio subtitles: Enable by setting config file variable g_bWindowedRadioSubtitles to 1. - Allocate different targets on flight plan to flight members in recon screen - TACAN tooltip now displayed in 2D map - Save TACAN info for flights to the campaign/TE files. - Team passwords in MP. Rendering Engine ==================== - Multiple fixes of rendering engine and 3D assets handling - Light pollution implementation - Fog completely reworked for better effect and rendering - Global Improvement for weather code - Clouds now cast rain (Shower cumulus) - Fixed LOD computation in POOR or INCLEMENT weathers - Better sky lighting color transition - ICP and MFD buttons press logic reworked - Light strobe effect on clouds - New aircraft burn effects - New “TOP GUN” internal view layout - Pre-tinted HUD (set g_bHudViewCanopyTint 0) - Smart scaling reworked - New IR shaders for better units on terrain IR visibility Systems ========= - LGB, JDAM, WCMD bombs reworked for better trajectory compute - Bomber attack bays open / close shared in MP - TFR Fix and improvements - Anti-skid / Breaking logic reworked - Fix for wind effects to weapons and computation - New external plane lights code (support for strobe, formation, tail, A/R refuel trap) - Drogue / Basket Air Refuel support (KC-10, KDC-10, KC-135R, KC-135E, C-160R, IL-78) - New MFD time format to 000:00 - RWR reworked for better display accuracy - FLCS improvements - Anti-Ice improvements - Open VHF frequency from 30 000 Mhz to 61 000 Mhz - UHF intra-flight implementation - Changed Caution Light behavior - For F-16, after landing only fully open the speed brake if the nose is down - Hung store implementation: For weapons with time to pickle, if the pickle is un-pressed before the release, there is a 30% chance the weapon will be stuck. HANG stores will be displayed afterward if another release is attempted. - Reduce RWR range accuracy for missile detected - Store-Jettison Page: -- S-J upgrade is now acting as a main master mode, configurable via DTC. -- S-J cannot be access in DGF/MRM overrides but SJ selection is memorized and displays when cancel DGF/MRM override -- S-J cannot be access during BIT test -- S-J cannot be access in WOW or Right Main Landing Gear Down and locked unless GND JETT is selected - New DECLUTTER for FCR AA and FCR AG (Fix all MFD pages for the "DCLT" Labeling) - EM Environment upgrade: -- AI ability to employ correct radar AA mode depending on tactical situation: RWS / TWS / TWS soft lock / RWS SAM / RWS / STT -- Fix RWR bug that was always considering AI AA radar and missile radars scan and azi-muth wide opened -- fix <M> spot received on the RWR of non-targeted aircraft despite Missile being active and tracking. -- Be aware an AI STTing will likely no longer appear in the RWR unless actively target-ed. -- Fix missing <M> rwr spike in some situations -- Fix a bug where AI was reacting to HPRF instead of MPRF - HMCS upgraded (A/G operations, RWR symbology, alignment procedure) - Complete rework of gunsights modes - AG radar improvement and fixes (MFD rendering, Radar scan reworked) - GM and SEA Radar improvement (displays static objects but moving vehicle as well) - VIP and VRP mode rework Weapons ========= - AGM-88 reworked (New DED Tables, added DTC page, improved HUD, battery time) - AGM-65L implemented (Early implementation of Laser guided mavericks) - AAA rework (ammunition time of flight, accuracy) - Maverick multiples fixes and improvements - AA Missiles logic and homing radar logic completely reworked for better realism (Fox3) Change log https://www.falcon-bms.com/changelogs/falcon-bms-4-36-changelog/
  9. Falcon BMS 4.36 Released

    You can leave 4.35 in place and install 4.36 to a different folder - the launcher will point to 4.36 by default though. I only did it to check some things in 4.35 before deleting it.
  10. By Br3No ==========Disclaimer========== Video contains some visual and sound effects that are not included in the official 4.36 release. (e.g. Tacview overlay, some blur effects) ==========Info========== The following features and improvements of 4.36 are presented in the video: 0:25 - Weather (Implemented shower Clouds) 0:38 - Ext. Lights (Fully implemented Ext. Lights) 0:52 - Airfields (New & Improved AirPorts) 1:04 - AAR (Basket Refueling & AAR Code Improvements) 1:19 - Skins (New & Updated Skins) 1:34 - Night Lighting (Light Polution & Reflections) 1:47 - AI (Enhanced Artificial Intelligence) 1:57 - Graphics (Improved Visual Effects) 2:08 - AI COMMS (New Commands Menu) 2:08 - TGT Assignment (Multiple Target Assignment) 2:13 - JHMCS (Improved HMCS Functionality) 2:13 - Avionics (Enhanced Avionics) 2:20 - A-A (Revised ARH Guidance) 2:20 - A-G (Improved CCRP Mode) 2:34 - JTAC And there is a lot more to discover by your own ==========Discords/Websides========== DISCORD - https://discord.gg/KQNHQBz WEBSIDE - https://www.falcon-bms.com REDDIT - https://www.reddit.com/r/falconbms/ YOUTUBE - https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCnyVS5IhXmUShjl8nTQ85rw ==========Soundtrack========== INFRACTION - HERO
  11. First suggest you take the mods out and add them back one at a time - to narrow down what is causing it. Yes it will take some time.
  12. The CH stuff works fine with SF2 in Win 10 and 11 Been so many years since I moved from 7 I don't remember - I may have just remapped the CH stuff in Game from fresh - doesn't take long. I may have had to run as admin to get the controls to stick.
  13. When Thunder Rolled and Winds of Change - September 2021 It is with great excitement today we announce some updates and increasing momentum of the When Thunder Rolled Project. Perhaps the most significant news is a Leadership change. All founding members have approved the nomination and acceptance of a new Project Leader that has demonstrated the proficiency, commitment and quality demanded in this critical role. Leveraging his solid understanding of the Thirdwire sims, and recent leadership roles with other initiative including Operation Desert Storm, will set us up for greater success. With this change, we are expecting a surge in activity and progress which has us energized and excited. On a tactical level, our top focus/priority now continues to be on finalizing terrain work - creating incredibly accurate depictions of the Vietnam topography, cities/towns, airbases, enhanced terrain tiles (e.g., honoring requests for more rice paddies), etc. This terrain of course will serve as the foundation for everything else. We continue to excel in enhancing immersion and realism – leveraging outsourced professionals to help with creating dense jungle environments, realistic sky environments and more. These efforts are a cycle of ongoing experiments balancing how much we can push this old game engine and still maintain acceptable frame rates. We have also been making progress in many other areas such as creating realistically detailed target areas. For example, when you strike an enemy military storage area in WTR, we promise it won’t be a generic “Warehouse1” – see proof below! Next up on the target area list is creating a cluttered rail yard supporting Ed’s June 20, 1966 attack on the Railyard NorthEast of Kep Airfield. New models will include a marshalling yard with new train cars, rail yard support buildings, service equipment and more. Also noteworthy perhaps: while not formally adopted on the development roadmap but under consideration – we have received requests over the past few years regarding Yankee Air Pirate (YAP) compatibility. A majority of former YAP team members have already been involved with the WTR Project so this continues to be assessed and a greater possibility. Please enjoy the screenshots below; note these are lower res/compressed versions and representative of unedited actual gameplay. As always, we welcome and encourage community support. If you are interested in contributing, please send me a Private Message (PM). Finally, very special thanks to Erik for all his support and hosting our exclusive forum. Please feel free to share your thoughts and comments in this forum, thank you. An F-105 drops its payload over North Vietnam amidst heavy cloudy skies. Our brand new scratch F-100F; its dazzling bare metal skin catching the morning sun on an enemy air defense suppression (Wild Weasel) mission. Vivid Morning Skies over a small Vietnam Village lose their tranquility as enemy AAA chase after the contrails of an F-105 strike package (top right). Another brand new scratch model, this time showcasing the Mig-17 featuring an insane level of detail and perfect for you rivet counters. Rough inner coastal waters demonstrated by new water effects roll in to disrupt a peaceful beach. An NVA solider driving the SA-2 missile transporter takes a quick break along the Ho Chi Minh Trail. Yet another new scratch model, the AH-1 Skyraider! Employing a low bomb pass this skillful pilot scores a direct hit on an enemy truck convoy just clearing a ridge along the Ho Chi Minh trail. The sheer beauty of Vietnam, rolling hills, lush jungles and colorful fields serve as a momentary distraction from the war. May 3, 1966. Ed Rasimus’ first recorded combat mission successfully strikes a Dong Hoi military storage area in Route Pack 1. Bonus Screenie: re-creation of YAP “JumpMyers” downed pilot rescue mission integrated with the WTR Project leveraging brand new Jolly Green helo model, rescue pilot, special effects, etc from:
  14. F-35 is the only choice really - they need something for the next 40 years and yes I know drones but the Lightning 1 was also seen by some as the last manned fighter back in the 1950s The F-35 has won every comp so far because it is on a different planet and wins on: Cost partly due to large economies of scale Capability to cost ratio Worldwide logistics setup Growth potential Interoperability with NATO countries and Allies Capability (5 Gen sensor fusion etc) Regarding Old fashioned metrics - no point comparing with things like the Super Hornet because the F-35A is clearly better at the slow speed high alpha stuff and the F-35A is still 9G at full fuel and M1.6 with an actual combat loadout. The Gripen Es main competitor on the export market is really the F-16V...................and quite frankly neither of these are cheap to procure compared to the F-35 despite them being the low end. Here are some bits from the Switzerland evaluation: Fighter aircraft: F-35A offers highest overall benefit at lowest cost by far All the candidates met the requirements set for the evaluation. For both the fighter aircraft and the longer-range GBAD system, the candidate promising the highest benefit was also the one priced the lowest. In the case of the fighter aircraft, this candidate is the F-35A. With 336 points, it showed the highest overall benefit and was the clear winner with a lead of 95 points or more over the other candidates. This aircraft scored best in three of the four main criteria evaluated: • In terms of effectiveness, the F-35A achieved the best result because it has a marked technological advantage over the other candidates: it includes entirely new, extremely powerful and comprehensively networked systems for protecting and monitoring airspace. The F-35A is able to ensure information superiority; this means pilots benefit from a higher situational awareness in all task areas when compared with the other candidates. This is especially true for day-to-day air policing. What is more, the F-35A is the only aircraft that has been designed from the ground up to be especially difficult for other weapons systems to detect. The resulting high survivability is a great advantage for the Swiss Air Force. In addition, because the F-35A is comparatively easy to operate and is able to provide information superiority, it requires less training and has a better ratio of flight to simulator hours. Because of this, the F-35A requires about 20% fewer flight hours than other candidates, and about 50% fewer take-offs and landings than the Air Force’s current jet aircraft, which the F-35A will be replacing. Finally, it can be assumed that as the newest of the weapons systems evaluated, the F-35A will be able to sustain its technological lead well into the future. Given the planned service life of 30 years, this is a major advantage over the other candidates. • In terms of product support, the F-35A achieved the highest rating because of its efficient operation and maintenance, modern training design, and the high security of supply throughout its service life. This is attributable in part to the F-35A being manufactured in the highest numbers and it being the aircraft most commonly used by air forces in Europe. • The F-35A was also the best performer in terms of cooperation, offering extensive opportunities for operational collaboration and broad access to data and technical resources. • In direct offset, the F-35A did not achieve the best result at the time the bid was made. The offset obligation of 60% of the order must be fulfilled in full no later than four years after receipt of the final delivery. As far as fleet size is concerned, for all four candidates a fleet of 36 aircraft would be large enough to cover Switzerland’s airspace protection needs over the longer term in a prolonged situation of heightened tensions. The Air Force must be able to ensure that Swiss airspace cannot be used by foreign parties in a military conflict. F-35A to cost around CHF 2 billion less than competitors In addition to the benefits, the F-35A also achieved by far the best result in terms of costs. Both procurement and operation costs are the lowest for this aircraft. At the time the bids were made in February 2021, the procurement costs amounted to CHF 5.068 billion – well under the financial cap of CHF 6 billion set by voters. Even when accounting for inflation up to the time of payment, procurement costs will remain below the credit limit. The F-35A also has the lowest operating costs of all of the candidates evaluated. The total costs of the F-35A (i.e. procurement plus operating costs) amounts to approximately CHF 15.5 billion over 30 years. This is around CHF 2 billion less than the second-lowest bidder. https://www.admin.ch/gov/en/start/documentation/media-releases.msg-id-84275.html
  15. Dear Fighter Pilots, Partners and Friends, The latest DCS Open Beta is now available, and we are excited to announce DCS: AH-64D as the ultimate addition to your hangar. This iconic aircraft served in decades of operations and lives on forever as a legend. Watch the launch trailer now. DCS: AH-64D is one of the most complex projects we have undertaken, and it has pushed our team to new heights. The Early Access features are now complete and we thank you, our faithful community, for your patience and support. We look forward to your feedback and comments with great eagerness. Thank you. Thank you for your passion and support. Yours sincerely, Eagle Dynamics Team AH-64D Out Now Early Access The legendary AH-64D has flown into Early Access and we are already overwhelmed with the response from the community. Thank you to those of you who have made this dream come true and to all the pre-release sales we received. The trust you have bestowed on us is extraordinary and we recognise and admire all of you who supported us during these 6 months. We hope that you won’t be disappointed. Thank you! The AH-64D is a revolutionary development in the history of war. The flying tank is designed to withstand massive impacts and inflict serious damage. It can operate during the day or night and even in all weather conditions. Please check out the launch trailer. AH-64D Early Access Development Report At Early Access release, the AH-64D includes a rich feature set that will allow almost endless gameplay. This includes near-complete external and cockpit art and animations, including new pilot models. Most of the avionics systems are fully operational such as; the Tactical Situation Display (TSD), the Integrated Helmet and Display Sight System (IHADSS) and numerous Multi-Purpose Display (MPD) pages. Early Access sensors and weapons include the Targeting Acquisition and Designation Sight (TADS), Pilot Night Vision Sensor (PNVS), night vision goggles, laser-guided AGM-114 Hellfire missiles, Hydra 2.75” unguided rockets and the M230 Chain Gun. Flying the AH-64D is made easy with its advanced flight control system. Online multi-crew is available at Early Access and single pilot or gunner operation is truly special thanks to our advanced ‘George’ AI. In the coming months following Early Access release, the Fire Control Radar (FCR), radar-guided Hellfire missiles, datalink between flight members, and more will be made available. AH-64D Pricing Early Access Early Access Program DCS: AH-64D Now available Download › DCS: AH-64D Pricing Policy The AH-64D is available in Early Access and will soon be in Free to Play for you to enjoy for 14 days to test fly before you buy. Also, do not forget to take advantage of the Early Access 20% discount on DCS: AH-64D. We are truly looking towards your initial comments. Thank you again for your patience, passion and support, Yours sincerely, Eagle Dynamics Team
  16. Win11 opinion: General usage AND SF2

    First thing I did was move the bottom Start menu to the left where it is supposed to be.
  17. Ghost of Kyiv

    Currently nothing more than another typical propaganda war story as it stands. Note - this thread like the others will have a very limited lifetime unless people start to question and check what they are reading (from both sides).
  18. Flight sim survey 2021 shows Female participation has gone up to 1%.
  19. Might be just a service date things maybe or if you have just downloaded it there were a few reasons why things didn't show or 23 on here:
  20. Iranian F-14s in Retrospect

    Back in 2004 a book was released by Osprey that likely caused a few (thousand) Internet forum arguments……………...Iranian F-14 Tomcat units in combat by Tom Cooper and Farzad Bishop. The information in the book shattered the typical Western held views and perception of what really might have happened during the eight-year Iran Vs Iraq conflict in the 1980s. The book is probably owned by most Tomcat fans out there and even was referred to positively by both Dave Baranek and his guest Iranian former F-14 pilot (Mikey) in Episode 5 of the Tomcast on YouTube. But what was the controversy all about and how accurate was the information presented? After all information is usually the first casualty of war and it usually takes decades afterwards to even start scratching the surface. Lack of Information Osprey books are normally very well researched using the best information available that they can get released into the public domain. That information can often be cross checked especially in the US where more of this information is available. The problem with the Iran/ Iraq conflict is that most of the official Iraq war records seems to have been lost during the constant state of conflict there. Likewise getting credible information from Iran also involves contacting those who have to remain anonymous due to such things as political persecution and death threats. (Even if they live outside of Iran) Trust Today Tom Cooper is probably one of the top authorities on Middle Eastern Combat having published many books with leading Historians….. but this book was one of his first and it had listed almost no source references! You basically had to put trust that Osprey had actually had a look at where this information was coming from. What gets your backs up! The book is only written from an Iranian point of view and thus, to most of us that does not mean you can dismiss it but you need to be weary that there is always more than one side to every story. We also have to accept that the information on the conflict was still not great at this point in time and therefore unlike most Osprey books you had to accept that the information was raw and a higher percentage of it was likely wrong. For an example of the hodgepodge of data, in the chapter “The Fog of Disinformation” it states: “It remains unclear exactly how many air-to air kills were scored by IRIAF F-14s between 7 Sept 1980 and 7 July 1988” It then tells us that a Post war Iranian conference concluded that a total of 71 x AIM-54s had been fired with a further 10 lost (Due to crashes/defection etc) The conference also determined the F-14 had a total of 30 x confirmed kills with 16 of those confirmed AIM-54 kills. The author then states that they have further evidence for 130 confirmed kills total including 40 with the AIM-54. Then if we move to the Appendices, it lists another figure - around 58 “confirmed kills” with the AIM-54 and around 159 total confirmed kills. [more on that later] So then the hodgepodge of information gives a total that might be in the range of 30 to 159 for total claims, and AIM-54 claims might range from 16 to 58 [okay] Accuracy The book was the first time most found out that perhaps the F-14s were used in combat and that stories of the US sabotaging all the missiles etc were not completely true. This is one thing in the book at least that is backed up in some other interviews like here: What is the biggest myth about the Iranian F-14s? “The most tiresome is that the departing US personnel stationed in Iran managed to sabotage Iranian F-14 radar, electronics and Phoenix missiles before leaving Iran in the ensuing days after the 1979 revolution. Let me tell you that I was a young officer during those days at Esfahan Khatami air base. Our wing commanders and senior officers made sure this never happened. We lined up departing American personnel before boarding their TWA aircraft and inspected them all. From: F-14 Tomcat pilot Col. Fereydoun A. Mazandarani (rtd) The Appendices and the art of the Kill Although there is probably a lot of useful information in the book the one area that always seems a tad flaky was the Appendices which lists 159 confirmed kills in total for the Iranian F-14A. It does at least list some sources for the information. What we can do is take information released more recently (including newer text from T Cooper) from the Iraqi side and see what has changed and if it can be matched up in anyway to these confirmed kills. In particular Iraqi Mirages in Combat (2018, Miguel Garcia, Independent) Iraqi Mirages (2019, Tom Cooper & Milos Sipos, Helion) A confirmed kill is not a confirmed Kill In the history of aerial warfare, the difference between confirmed kills stated by one side only and the real actual kills has been like the difference between Jupiter and the Sun! In fact, ridiculous claims are even partly to blame for major blunders such as the USAAF sending in unescorted bombers for so long over Germany in 1943 to their inevitable slaughter. After all, why do you need escort fighters if your bomber crews claims show they have already shot down the entire Luftwaffe! A good airforce should only claim a confirmed kill based on multiple criteria – even gun camera film in the past has not been enough evidence of an actual shootdown. Pilots in the stress of combat are extremely bad eyewitnesses and here we have a conflict where pilots are firing missiles BVR. One explosion in the distance or a radar blip disappearing are not evidence of an actual shootdown. So, a “confirmed kill” by one side is usually better described as a “Claim” instead. 33 claims on Mirage F1s………. hmm That’s right, the Appendices in the book list 33 F-14A “confirmed kills” (claims) over Mirage F1s. (Garcia M) only lists a total of 32 Mirages lost over the period to all causes! Out of that, only 2 of those dates match any of those 33 events. [what!] So is that 2 actual losses only out of 33 claims listed!! [Oh dear]. But wait you say that independent book from Garcia M cannot be much use, can it? Well, the thing is the 2019 (T Cooper / Sipos) book actually matches the information in the (Garcia M) book closely and almost disowns the 2004 data like a child that doesn’t meet its ideals. The (T Cooper / Sipos) book does mention another 2 of the events out of the list of 33 but in both cases states the missiles fired by the F-14 missed the Mirages. So where does the figure of 33 comes from? - Is it coincidence that the total number of Mirage F1 losses (Garcia M) to all causes comes to about 32 for that period?? Better information? Either way both of the newer books provide information that Iranian F-14As may have shot down 7 or 8 Mirage F1s during the conflict [Yes, slightly less than 33]. Likewise, they also show that Mirage F1s may have shot down 4 x F-14As (a 5th F-14A was hit but flew back to base) Is that accurate? – only time will tell but at least the numbers are going in the right direction [down] Other things noted in the 2004 book are, the Appendices also show most of the Sidewinders and Sparrows used as the type AIM-9P and AIM-7E-4. The more recent information suggests that Iran only had the AIM-9J and AIM-7E-2 and were essentially using ones supplied for their F-4s which had degraded capability because of it. Also, on page 76 the 2004 book tells us (from the Iranian side) that Iraq received Super 530D and Magic 2 missiles. The recent information in both newer books suggest Iraq only received Magic 1 and Super 530F missiles and nearly all their claims were using the Super 530F. So, perhaps some progress has been made in the past 2 decades because instead of these authors shouting at people on internet forums (yes, some did) there is maybe a bit more calm and willingness to look at both sides and the actual data available. The final word on the book is that its real value was not only to highlight that the conflict was very different to published stories about it at the time, but also may have helped inspire those more passionate to get out there and start digging for better information. Sources · Iraqi Mirages in Combat (2018, Garcia M, Independent) · Iraqi Mirage (2019, Cooper T, Sipos M, Helion) · Iranian F-14 Tomcat Units in combat (2004, Cooper T, Bishop F, Osprey) · Air Combat Memoirs of the Iranian Air Force Pilots (2015, Ryan, K, Bishop F, Independent) · Schweinfurt-Regensburg 1943 (2020, Marshall Michel III, Osprey) The Tomcast Episode 5: Iranian F-14s (2020, Baranek, Online): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Q5Y_ai4s2Y Interview with Fereydoun Mazandarani (2020, Hushkit, Online): https://hushkit.net/2020/04/07/interview-with-the-greatest-living-fighter-ace-f-14-tomcat-pilot-col-rtd-fereydoun-a-mazandarani/
  21. BOEING’S SILENT EAGLE

    The plan is to replace F-22 with NGAD and prototypes have already flown according to the USAF....they intend to keep F-22A around till that comes in (2030s maybe) Politicians cancelled F-22 and now they realize the mistake and numbers are needed F-35 will have to pick up any slack. Likewise the small F-15EX buy which only exists thanks to politics (the USAF clearly didn't want it) had to be justified to replace worn out F-15Cs although luckily for some of them they are already moving to F-35. The F-15EX unit cost looks horrendous for what you get and there are major changes compared to the other F-15CDEs they use.
  22. Frequently Asked Questions: The DCS: F-4 Phantom by Heatblur Simulations Q: When will the DCS: F-4 Phantom by Heatblur Simulations release? A: DCS: F-4E has been in development for some time and will be released later in 2022. Stay tuned for our full unveiling closer to launch day! Q: What variants will the Heatblur F-4 Phantom include? A: The first release will be DCS: F-4E, the iconic land based variant of the Phantom. We will be launching two variants of the -E; a “classic era” F-4E (blocks 36-45 with updates retrofitted in 1974 and before, including new slats, DSCG and AGM-65) as well as an upgraded (DMAS) version of the aircraft in one package. Q: Will there be a Navy F-4? A: Yes! Our Phantom journey only begins with the -E. However, owing to the complexity of the work and investment of time and effort, it will not be included in the DCS: F-4E product. We’re instead choosing to focus on providing the most content rich F-4E we possibly can, and then set our sights on further telling the legendary story of the F-4. Q: Will the Heatblur F-4 Phantom released as Early Access? A: The F-4E will be released as Early Access first. Much like the F-14 Tomcat, we plan on releasing it as feature complete as we can, including Singleplayer and Multicrew capability, a WSO-AI, an elaborate Flight Model, functioning cockpits and instruments, the main set of air to ground and air to air weapons such as sidewinders, sparrrows, mavericks, laser guided bombs, dumb bombs, a gun and of course a fully functional radar, avionics suite and F-4 specific systems that will help you dominate the battlefields of its time. As usual it will come chock-full of content, including training missions, Singleplayer missions, Multiplayer scenarios and of course, more than one campaign. Q: Will it come with Multicrew capability and a WSO AI? A: From day one you will be able to enjoy the F-4 with full multicrew functionality and with the JESTER-AI, tailored to the needs and capabilities of the F-4 Phantom. Q: Why won’t all variants be part of one module? A: The investment of time and effort to do the Navy and Marine Corps versions of the F-4 justice makes it unrealistic for us to include everything in one package. We want to make sure to tell the story of each Phantom variant chosen in the most content rich and appropriate way possible, while making sure that we stay a thriving and viable team. We’ll share more details on our plans with regards to variant additions to the F-4 later, but we remain steadfastly committed to ensuring that we are fair to our beloved community and supporters. Q: Why does the announcement come so early? A: We initially wanted to keep things a secret until we were just about ready to release, but the volume of interest and questions about the F-4 made that quite impossible! Hopefully you enjoyed the announcement trailer, even if short- stay tuned for our full unveiling closer to release day. We’re excited about you all being a part of the Phantom journey Q: When will you share more? A: As the development of the module continues, we will try to be as transparent as possible and include you as much as we can, sharing the different stages of the development as well as exploring this phabulous aircraft together with you all. Q: What about the Eurofighter, the A-6E, F-14 and Viggen? Are you biting off too much? A: The Heatblur team has never grown nor been more capable than it is today. The trust you put in us is absolutely sacred, and the announcement of the F-4 has no bearing on the steadfast commitment to continued progress on existing and other future modules. The F-4 has been under active development since early 2021, and our roadmap, including the Eurofighter and other future modules was created in this context. With an ever expanding portfolio, it is important for us to ensure that we will not let up on maintaining our high standards for all of our modules, released or yet to be released. Per astra ad aspera, upwards and onwards, with our partners at Eagle Dynamics we plan to continue on pushing boundaries as long as we stand and could not be more excited about both present and future. https://forums.eagle.ru/topic/291784-frequently-asked-questions-the-dcs-f-4-phantom-by-heatblur-simulations/
  23. F-20 Tigershark: Risky business Part 2

    Considering this was late 1970s / early 80s the chines on the nose suggest it is a model or picture of a YF-17. There was only a single full size mockup built by Northrop to demo the F-18L...( F-18L in flight photos about are YF-17 or FA-18As) None of the Northrop models, or artist drawings I have seen show those chines and neither did the full size mockup.
  24. In part 2 we continue to look at the Northrop F-20A Tigershark and how its story intertwines with other aircraft programs of the 1980s. Another F-20 is flown The second Pre-production F-20 (82-0063 / GI1001) was flown in August 1983. This configuration included a bigger radome, enlarged canopy, and an up-rated 17,000 lb thrust F404 engine. (Note: The first pre-production jet mentioned in part 1 (82-0062) also received the 17,000 lb thrust engine in 1983.) Also note: “Pre-production” means that Northrop was not going through a Prototype or Full Scale Development (FSD) phase so these aircraft were actually intended to be sold with the F-20 upgrades and changes. F-20 #2 (Northrop Grumman) Let’s get some people on board to really help sell it (F-20 Tigershark Vs F-15) You remember the Light Weight Fighter Mafia right – well they had mostly since left the Pentagon and had reformed as the err “Reformers” (or “Critics” to the USAF), which included John Boyd, Ex USAF Col Everest Riccioni, Pierre Sprey, Chuck Spinney and James Fallows. James Fallows was Washington editor for The Atlantic Monthly.( Described as an anti-military liberal journalist) Fallows had cottoned onto the Reformers in 1979 when researching ideas on how to cut military budgets and had interviewed John Boyd who was still smarting over what was done to the F-16. Fallows was able to gain publicity for the Reformers and their ideas, for example through the best-selling book National Defense in 1981. The Reformers had jumped on the AIMVAL/ACEVAL (Air Intercept Missile Evaluation / Air Combat Evaluation) results in the late 1970s where Red force F-5s had faced off against a blue force of F-15 and F-14s, and the book National Defense was the perfect platform to spin the results. The book took choice cuts from the results carefully omitting information that didn’t fit their agenda and the press went for it, with the Chicago Tribune printing that the F-15 had been “fought to all but a draw” by the F-5 and CBS calling the F-15 a “turkey”. In National Defense reformer Everest Riccioni claimed F-15s couldn’t fly many sorties and so the Air Force actually had a “Phantom fleet”. He then claimed the Air Force could buy 1000 advanced F-5s (The F-20) for the cost of 250 F-15s and generate 10 times more sorties in wartime (2500 v 250). Did I mention that Northrop had hired Everest Riccioni and Pierre Sprey at the time and Riccioni was working on the F-20 program. In reality what had happened in AIMVAL/ACEVAL was that tactics used were not entirely realistic and a lot of it was skewed in favour of the F-5. Despite this the F-15 still had a 2.5 Kill ratio in favour and the AIM-7 (another Reformers target) was responsible of the majority of the simulated kills. From the USAF point of view neither Pierre Sprey or Everest Riccioni had any credibility compared to John Boyd (who had taken a back seat at this stage) and the scraping nails account of this episode suggests this did more harm than good to the F-20 program regarding US support. F-15C - Can you say “it’s a Turkey” in a Pierre Sprey accent? (Airliners.net) What else could have upset the USAF Although a typical sales tactic, Northrop had no real data to back up any claims they were making for the F-20 such as cost, reliability and sortie rate. For example, as RAND point out………. Northrop claims of reliability on the F-20 were pretty much irrelevant. Only 1500 flights in a “test” environment with hand-picked engineers cannot be compared to years of “operational” experience the F-16 had around the world maintained by guys with varied experience in different environments. True cost and sortie rate could never be known as none ever went operational. Some of Northrop’s claims also seemed to stay the same despite airframe and avionics changes that would increase cost. F-20 goes to Top Gun Back in the mid-1970s the USAF were allocated F-5s that never made it to South Vietnam that were wanted because they were very similar in performance and some other aspects to the MiG-21 and so were perfect to use as aggressors at Red Flag. Naturally in 1984 when the US Navy wanted a MiG-29 simulator / aggressor for Top Gun, Northrop seeing a way in offered the F-20A at a low price with its promise of lower operating costs. Senator Pete Wilson had managed to get money through congress in the hope the F-20 was selected. General Dynamics also offered the F-16N (F-16C Block 30 with gun replaced by ballast) for a very low £11m each which was the same unit price as the F-20. The USN went with the F-16 which they believed to be a better simulator for 4th Gen threats…and it probably was being a bit larger with superior performance, also high-tech avionics were not required, in fact they stuck in the basic APG-66 radar from the A model. The USN literally got steal of the century on unit cost here…………. or they would have done if someone at the Navy hadn’t specified titanium wing attachment brackets without testing them (another story). F-16N (Lockheed Martin) Another F-20A flies The third pre-production F-20 (82-0064 / GI1002) first flew on May 12 1984 and was similar to 82-0063 / GI1001 in configuration it seems. F-20 Pre-production figures from Flight Manual F-20 #3 (Northrop Grumman) Tragedy befalls Northrop and the program On the 10th October 1984 the first pre-production F-20 (82-0062) crashed at Suwon Air Base in Korea killing pilot Darrell Cornell. Cornell had apparently succumbed to G-LOC after a 9G pull up as part of practicing an established demonstration routine with the aircraft appearing unresponsive after the maneuver. The Northrop F-18L and McAir All this time Northrop had been having a handbag face slapping argument with McDonnell Douglas (McAir). In October 1979, Northrop filled a $700 million antitrust suit against McAir. Northrop had developed the YF-17 for the Light Weight Fighter (LWF) competition in 1974 and this was later developed into the FA-18 carrier-based fighter under some kind of teaming agreement. Under this agreement McAir as prime contractor would build 60% of the carrier capable FA-18 and Northrop would build 40%. For the land-based F-18L Northrop were prime contractor building 60% and McAir building 40%. The Northrop F-18L was what might have been if the YF-17 had won in 74. Without all the extra weight needed for carrier ops and a totally different 9G structure it was over 2500 lbs lighter with a top end of M2.0 and was initially specified with a hard wing losing 3000 lbs of fuel reducing its range. Northrop basically had accused McAir of trying to monopolize the business and basically interfering with the F-18Ls chances of success in the export market by launching active sales efforts for the FA-18 to potential customers when they showed interest in the F-18L. Another suit also claimed McAir was unfairly using Northrop technology from the F-18L to sell its own FA-18. McAir then counter-sued against Northrop, claiming that the Northrop F-20 avionics had been taken from the McAir FA-18……. The suit was finally settled by April 1985……. which meant McDonnell Douglas would pay Northrop $50 million and become the prime/sole contractor for all FA-18s including export sales, and thus the F-18L was never heard from again………….. The F-18L - another unloved Light Weight Fighter devoid of orders (Northrop Grumman) F-16C v F-20A merge head on In April 1985 to try and finally get some sales from the US Government, Northrop offered 396 F-20s to replace current F-16C production at a fixed price of $15 million, undercutting the F-16C fixed price of $18 million. General Dynamics hit back with a 720-plane proposal for stripped down F-16s at $13.5 million each with cheaper avionics. These were apparently jokingly referred to as the “F-16C-minus”. This clearly came to nothing. F-20 #3 again (Northrop Grumman) Another Tragedy On the 14th May 1985 at Goose Bay, Canada the second pre-production F-20 (82-0063 / GI1001) crashed in a similar manner to the first killing Dave Barnes. Barnes was incapacitated during or after a 9G pull up as part of the demonstration being practised for the Paris air show. With no flight recorder on board the enquiry attributed this again to G-LOC and possibly a result of reduced G tolerance after flying four high G demonstration flights that day. The Air Defense Fighter (ADF) competition In 1986 the US Air Force (as ordered by Congress) held a competition for 270 mainland Interceptors for the defense of the Continental US. Both the F-20 and F-16 were contenders, and good point defense fighters despite the reservations of some. Sadly, again the F-20 was not favoured for a few reasons: · The F-20 was not in production so the costs couldn’t be guaranteed The cost to operate and maintain it would be higher than Northrop had claimed. In the end neither the General Dynamics or the Northrop proposal were selected by the Air Force, instead it was decided to take 270 F-16A Block 15s in service from the Air National Guard (ANG) and modify them to an ADF and OCU (Operational Capability Upgrade) standard, with: A higher thrust F100-PW-220 engine Capability to use bigger 600 US Gal drop tanks An Advanced IFF interrogator An upgraded APG-66 (V) 1 radar with increased range, small target capability and the capability to fire AIM-120 and AIM-7. F-16 A Air Defense Fighters (USAF) Making the F-20 better (The fourth Pre-production jet) Interestingly by the 1986 ADF competition there had been changes to the F-20 to increase range and deal with carriage of AIM-7s with proposals to: Increase internal fuel to 5050 lbs by replacing the fuselage bladder with integral fuel tanks. Increase external drop tank size. Increase thrust of the F404 to 18000 lbs to offset the extra weight and drag. New Electromagnetic Maneuvering flaps. Fly By Wire control system with backup Hydromechanical controls (similar to FA-18) Northrop & GE were also working on an upgraded APG-67 radar with enhanced range. This was proposed by putting a bigger antenna on it and moving it back in the nose. Luckily, they also intended to replace the obsolete M39s with a single modern gun to make some room for the radar move. This is said to have been planned for the fourth Pre-Production aircraft (82-0065/ GI1003) but was only 25% compete when cancelled. This remained a paper airplane but nonetheless a valiant effort to reduce some of the performance deficiencies. Of course, the glaring problem here is that by making these changes the cost and complexity increases, reducing its advertised selling points and ending up with a jet that offers nothing significant over the F-16 and FA-18…………and unfortunately the US was still not interested in buying it. The end Northrop closed the F-20 program at the end of 1986 at the cost of around $1.2 billion……… it just was not meant to be with everything against it. However, despite the loss Northrop were still doing okay out of the FA-18, ATF (YF-23) and B-2 programs at that time. No conciliation to them but perhaps an example of how competition can sometimes benefit US services by keeping cost down. Summary of the F-5G/F-20A Pre-Production Aircraft F-20A on Display at the California Science Center https://californiasciencecenter.org/exhibits/air-space/air-aircraft/f-20-tigershark Sources F-20A Utility Flight Manual (NTM 1F-20A-1) for GI1001 & GI1002, Jan 1984 (Northrop) Northrop F-5G/F20A Tigershark (Baugher J ) 2000 online at http://www.joebaugher.com/usaf_fighters/f5_51.html A Case study of the F-20 Tigershark (Martin, Schmidt) 1987, RAND Corporation The Reformers (Correll JT), Feb 2008 Air Force Magazine. P40-44 The Revolt of the Majors How the Air Force changed after Vietnam (Michell III, ML) Auburn University Sierra Hotel: Flying Air Force fighters in the decade after Vietnam. (Anderegg CR) 2001 Air Force History and Museums Program Boyd (Coram R) 2002, Back Bay Books F-20A Tigershark (Wade, M) 2007 online at http://www.thecid.com/f20a/index.html F-16.net online at http://www.f-16.net/ Code One Magazine (General Dynamics) Northrop F-18L (Baugher J), 2000 online at http://www.joebaugher.com/navy_fighters/f18_9.html Huge Lawsuit settled, ( AP News archive) 1985, online at http://www.apnewsarchive.com/1985/Huge-Lawsuit-Settled/id-cca766d9766ec7f4d1aa29c5ca5db7cb The Land Based F-18L, Flight International December 1978 p2034-2035 Title Photos for Part 1 and Part 2 from Northrop Grumman
  25. Happy New Year

    Happy New Year to all!
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